The Institution Building and Integral Program Section of CICAD provides technical assistance to
its member states in the development and the modernization of basic
institutional components that allow countries to respond adequately to
drug-related issues. The Section offers direct assistance to countries in the
Hemisphere for the development and management of
public drug policies, the
design of program tools, such as strategies and action plans, and participation
in the evaluation and planning process.
The Section assists member states to analyze and update their drug-related political and administrative structures at all tiers of public administration and within the various branches of government. Institutional capacity building is formed by the Section’s major project initiatives.
In the past few years, the Institution Building Section has established partnerships with local governments and institutions to further enhance member state capacity to better address national drug problems. The Section’s most noteworthy projects include the promotion of consistent, updated national drug policies, the analysis of legal frameworks and laws, decentralization of drug demand reduction programs, establishment of drug courts, the strengthening and involvement of communities through alternative, integral and sustainable development, and social reintegration projects.
Alternative, integral and sustainable development focuses activities oriented to legal income generation for producers of drugs and prevents the spread of illegal cultivation. This is done within a legal and sustainable development framework in the context of an environment capable of absorbing affected populations into society as determined in each country. Projects are directed toward areas, attractive to illicit cultivation due to extreme poverty and forced migration, to provide illegal crop producers legitimate livelihood options and better living conditions for them and those affected by such activity.
The Drug Treatment Court in the Americas project helps the governments of OAS member states and specialized professionals, including members of the justice and health sectors, set up and/or consolidate drug treatment courts in their jurisdictions, thus offering a court-supervised alternative to incarceration for drug-dependent offenders.
The SAVIA-DRUGS Project (Health and Life in the Americas) supports the development of local actions to reduce drug use in four Latin American countries: Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Uruguay. SAVIA aims to strengthen the response capacity of public and private sector by improving coverage and quality of local programs, designing a methodological guide for the development of social integration initiatives within drug-related policies, and developing a master program for professionals at treatment centers in Ecuador.
Legal comparison and analysis (Legislation on Drugs in the Americas — LEDA) play a key role in understanding how countries form their national legal framework regarding the drug phenomenon. An effective legal framework on drugs that is consistent, comprehensive, updated and clear is an important tool in measuring and directing appropriate responses to a country’s drug problem. Likewise, ensuring that member states comply with and enforce international instruments helps strengthen a hemispheric response to transnational elements of the drug phenomenon.
Legal modernization and comparison is carried out by measuring national legislation, statutory regulations, decrees, and other forms of jurisprudence on topics including supply reduction, demand reduction, drug-related criminality and international obligations. From this comparative analysis, CICAD makes recommendations and provides technical assistance to member states in order to strengthen institutions and legal frameworks to best address national and hemispheric elements of the drug problem.
Social integration's primary objective is to promote the mobilization of various social and institutional actors and the coordination of public, private and community resources aimed at people experiencing or are at risk of social exclusion from current or former drug use. Resources seek to grant access to basic rights and standards, such as health, education, housing, food, labor and social security, thus encouraging individuals’ participation in social life in a free, independent and equal manner. CICAD aims to bring together public and private sectors and civil society to generate knowledge adapted by member states, which contributes to the creation of public policies that generate real, long-term change in patterns of social development.
The idea is to look at the whole person, promote their holistic development, prioritize not only abstinence but continued improvement in key aspects of the individual’s life, both in terms of employment, as in their ability to participate, to expand his or her social relationships outside the context of consumption and increase his or her psychological resources to facilitate processes of personal autonomy, among other key issues. All this work must also flow parallel to the therapeutic process, so that the insertion begins from the moment a person decides to start the process of change.
updated on 7/30/2012 12:26:12 PM