Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD)

Declaration and Program of Action of Ixtapa

 

Declaration and Program of Action of Ixtapa

(Approved in Ixtapa, Mexico, April 2, 1990)

The high-level representatives of the member states of the Organization of American States, responsible for the control of illicit drug trafficking and abuse, meeting in Ixtapa, Mexico, April 17-20, l990, at the Meeting of Ministers on the Illicit Use and Production of Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances and Traffic Therein--Alliance of the Americas Against Drug Traffic;

Based on the principles, rights and duties of the states embodied in the Charter of the OAS, and on the principles, goals and general objectives of the Program of Action of Rio de Janeiro Against the Illicit Use and Production of Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances and Traffic Therein (Program of Action of Rio de Janeiro), and on the solidarity in the fight against drug trafficking, proclaimed in the Declaration of Guatemala "Alliance of the Americas against Drug Trafficking";

Based on the resolutions adopted by the General Assembly of the Organization that emphasize the urgent need to safeguard their peoples, their democratic institutions and their economies from the dangers of drug trafficking;

Inspired by the Declaration and the agreements recently signed in Cartagena de Indias by Bolivia, Colombia, Peru and the United States, by the Political Declaration and Global Programme of Action adopted by the United Nations General Assembly at its Seventeenth Special Session, and by the Declaration of the World Ministerial Summit held in London in April 1990;

Deeply concerned by the increase in the Americas of the illicit demand for and cultivation, production, supply, transit, distribution and use of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances, as well as of substances frequently used in their manufacture, and the laundering of money derived from these illegal operations--activities that breed corruption and violence increasingly tied to clandestine arms trafficking, terrorism and subversion and that constitute a grave and persistent threat to the fabric of society, to the political stability of countries, to the growth and consolidation of democracy, to the rule of law, to balanced socioeconomic development, to the environment, to public health and to the welfare of their peoples, especially the younger generations;

Noting that the large financial profits and wealth derived from illicit drug trafficking and related criminal activities enable transnational criminal organizations to penetrate, contaminate and corrupt the structures of governments, legitimate
commercial activities and society at all levels, thereby compromising economic and social development, distorting the process of law and undermining the foundation of states;

Recognizing that a growing number of member states are affected by drug trafficking, which forces them to divert resources away from pressing national needs;

Condemning once again the crime of illicit drug trafficking, which transcends the borders of member states, and convinced that its elimination demands a common front involving uninterrupted, priority activities as part of each government's respective programs, based on the principles of international solidarity and collective responsibility, with absolute respect for the sovereignty of each state and in accordance with its own situation;

Recognizing the links between the illicit demand for and cultivation, production, supply and distribution of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances and traffic therein, and the economic, social and cultural conditions in the countries thus affected;

Emphasizing the imperative need for an objective and in-depth knowledge of the factors that lead to, cause or foster drug trafficking, and underscoring the fact that to be more effective, this battle must be waged on all fronts; and

Supporting fully the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD) in its efforts to put into effect the measures in the Program of Action of Rio de Janeiro to promote cooperation and coordination between the member states and with the pertinent organs of the United Nations, for the purpose of promoting an ever more effective response to the scourge of drugs in the Americas,

RESOLVE:

1. To condemn once again illicit drug trafficking in all its forms and to recognize that it is a criminal activity that affects all mankind.

2. To assign top priority, based on the principle of collective responsibility, to the fight against drug trafficking and to redouble national and international efforts in this field in strict accordance with the principles of the Charter of the Organization, in particular national sovereignty, territorial integrity and noninter- vention.

3. To support the agreements contained in the Declaration of Cartagena and in the Political Declaration and Global Programme of Action of the aforementioned Seven tenth Special Session of the United Nations General Assembly, and particularly recognize the close linkage that exists between the global struggle to eliminate the illicit consumption and production of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances and traffic therein, and the capacity of our nations to address this situation, which forces the diversion of scarce resources and thereby affects urgent development needs, making international coordination and cooperation a priority.

4. To reiterate their decision to broaden and increase the scope of inter-American cooperation and coordination through CICAD.

THE HIGH-LEVEL REPRESENTATIVES FURTHER AGREE TO ADOPT THE FOLLOWING PROGRAM OF ACTION:

1. To promote in their respective countries the actions necessary to ratify or accede to, as the case may be, the United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances, signed in Vienna, December 20, 1988, so that it may enter into force in 1990.

2. To approve the actions taken by CICAD to facilitate the harmonious application by the member states of the provisions of the afore mentioned Convention, in order to effect its full implementation in the Americas through the broadest possible intergovernmental cooperation.

3. To recommend to the General Assembly that it instruct CICAD to identify, in consultation with the Inter-American Juridical Committee, areas in which the member states might consider more strict or severe regional measures than those provided by the 1988 Vienna Convention, in accordance with Article 24 of that Convention, to prevent or suppress illicit traffic in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances.

4. To recommend that national laws and the means and instruments to enforce them be updated or modernized so as to establish stricter, surer, more expeditious and more effective penalties and means to combat drug trafficking.

5. To urge the member states to monitor more effectively the production and marketing of precursors and chemical substances that are used for the illicit manufacture of narcotics drugs and psychotropic substances. To that end, it is necessary to develop and upgrade systems for controlling and monitoring those chemicals; to improve intelligence activities concerned with the procurement, transit routes, storage, and use of such products; to establish controls at critical points to prevent the illegal diversion of those chemicals, machines, and materials; to exchange timely information on the movements of those chemicals; and to classify as a crime the unmonitored marketing of those chemicals. Moreover, to recommend to the member states that they promptly adopt the Model Regulations to Control Chemical Precursors and Chemical Substances, Machines and Materials, prepared by the Group of Experts convened by CICAD; to recommend to the General Assembly that it forward these Regulations to the United Nations Commission on Narcotic Drugs for consideration and possible adoption of bilateral and multilateral agreements to achieve greater control of precursors and chemical substances.

6. To emphasize the need for legislation that defines as a crime all activities related to the laundering of property and proceeds related to illicit drug trafficking and which makes it possible to identify, trace, seize and forfeit such property and proceeds.

To recommend to the member states that they encourage banks and financial institutions to cooperate with the competent authorities to prevent the laundering of property and proceeds related to illicit drug trafficking and to facilitate the identification, tracing, seizure and forfeiture of such property and proceeds.

To recommend to the member states that, within the framework of their respective legal systems, they consider developing mechanisms and procedures for bilateral and multilateral cooperation to prevent the laundering of property and proceeds related to illicit drug trafficking and to facilitate the identification, tracing, seizure and forfeiture of such property and proceeds.

To recommend to the General Assembly that it direct CICAD to convene an inter-American group of experts to draft model regulations in conformity with the UN Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances of 1988, to:
  • criminalize the laundering of property and proceeds related to illicit drug trafficking;
  • prevent the use of financial systems for the laundering, conversion or transfer of property and proceeds related to illicit drug trafficking;
  • enable authorities to identify, trace, seize and forfeit property and proceeds related to illicit drug trafficking;
  • change legal and regulatory systems to ensure that bank secrecy laws do not impede effective law enforcement and mutual legal assistance; and,
  • study the feasibility of reporting large currency transactions to national governments and permit the sharing between governments of such information.
  To recommend to the General Assembly that it forward the model regulations to the United Nations General Assembly for consideration by its Expert Group on Money Laun dering created under United Nations General Assembly Resolution No. 44/142.

7. To recommend to the General Assembly that CICAD organize, to the extent its resources allow, other groups of experts on the most important topics in connection with the application of the aforementioned United Nations Convention and the priority problems that follow from the inter-American fight against drugs, including the impact of cultivation and production, and of the means used for the eradication of such crops and destruction of illicit narcotic substances on the environment.


8. To reiterate the importance of adopting and implementing measures to reduce and eliminate demand as an essential condition for combating the drug problem and to support the actions taken by the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission and the Inter-American Council for Education, Science and Culture in the development of the Inter-American Program of Education for Prevention, including:
  • the Inter-American Meeting to be held in Quito, May 28-June 1, 1990, which should establish the foundations for this Program;
  • the preparation and implementation of a comprehensive, systematic and ongoing drug abuse prevention plan, coordinated with the formal education system as well as non-formal education, which includes the enactment of laws to make its implementation possible. The purpose of that plan is to promote community participation and to bring about an awareness of the problem, based on the commitment and joint responsibility of all sectors of society;
  • public information activities to disseminate data on the political, economic and social impact of drug trafficking and the human, legal and moral effects of drug abuse, seeking media support for this purpose;
  • studies, in collaboration with the Pan-American health Organization, on epidemiology of drugs and different low-cost systems for the treatment and rehabilitation of the drug dependent.
9. To recommend to the General Assembly of the Organization that it request CICAD to continue its work with member states, the Division of Narcotic Drugs of the United Nations, UNFDAC, INTERPOL, the Customs Co-operation Council and other international and regional bodies to design and implement a strategy and program to improve the training of officials responsible for combating drugs in the region.

10. To adopt in their respective countries the measures needed to perfect those countries' intelligence systems on drug traffickers, particularly as to their methods and routes, and when appropriate, to share this intelligence with the other member states through the most suitable bilateral and multilateral channels.

11. To urge the governments that, while respecting the sovereignty and territorial integrity of states, they reinforce cooperation, conduct adequate border controls and institute more effective measures to prevent the activities of drug traffickers in border areas, in keeping with their respective legal systems.

12. To recommend to all the states that they review, as soon as possible, their national laws and other administrative procedures, so as to be able to ensure effective control of the production, purchase, sale and distribution of arms and explosives, and in so doing, to develop actions aimed at preventing them from being diverted toward illicit activities. CICAD is asked to prepare a study on the present situation as regards the smuggling of arms and explosives in the hemisphere and its repercussions on and ties to drug trafficking, for which the member states are encouraged to cooperate by furnishing the relevant information.

13. To recommend to the General Assembly that CICAD, to the extent that its resources permit, cooperate with the member states that so request in the analysis and development of judicial procedures to facilitate legal action against drug traffickers in their respective jurisdictions.

14. To recommend to the General Assembly that CICAD, in consultation with the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA), the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), the Andean Pact, the Inter-American Economic and Social Council, and other institutions, convene a group of experts to (a) evaluate experience with programs for the eradication of illicit crops and income substitution for growers; and (b) propose to the member states appropriate strategies to eliminate illicit production, to prevent its spread to other areas of the region, and to expand trade and investment opportunities within the context of a vigorous anti-drug program and sound economic policy.

15. To support the agreements of the Cartagena Summit contained in the Political Declaration and the Global Programme of Action of the Seventeenth Special Session of the United Nations General Assembly and the World Ministerial Summit to Reduce Demand for Drugs and to Combat the Cocaine Threat, held this year, which refer, inter alia, to policies for the eradication of illicit coca crops, substitution of those crops, and programs for alternative development. These policies emphasize the strengthening of socioeconomic plans, as well as investment programs in which multilateral organizations and governments of developed countries would participate to attain efficient economic conditions which assure the success of crop substitutions, within the framework of sound economic policies and vigorous anti-drug actions.

16. To recommend to the General Assembly that the Secretary General of the Organization consult with the Secretary-General of the United Nations on measures needed to ensure coordination and cooperation between CICAD and corresponding organs of the United Nations.

17. To recommend to the General Assembly that the proportion of financial and technical resources of the Organization allocated to the activities related to the implementation of the Program of Action of Rio de Janeiro be increased.

18. To urge the member states, permanent observers and organizations to contribute to the Inter-American Fund of the Program of Action of Rio de Janeiro (Fund 85).

19. To recommend to the General Assembly of the Organization that it express the appreciation of the member states to the permanent observer states and the Inter-American Development Bank for their financial support of the activities of CICAD in the struggle against drugs and request them to continue their support.

20. To recommend to the General Assembly of the Organization that it request the organs, agencies and entities of the inter-American system to give special consideration, in their programming, to activities related to the struggle against drugs, in the context of the Program of Action of Rio de Janeiro and the Program of Action of Ixtapa.

updated on 10/1/2010 10:04:17 AM