Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD)

International Treaties and Conventions


In both the Hemispheric Drug Strategy and its Plan of Action, 2011-2015, member states list the relevant international and regional agreements that underpin consensus about legal commitments. Both documents "stress the importance of ratifying, acceding to and complying with, as appropriate, the following conventions":

  • The United Nations Convention against Corruption (PDF, 2003);
  • the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (PDF, 400 kb, 2000) and its three protocols (included in the linked PDF file as a single document):
    • the Protocol Against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air,
    • the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children,
    • and the Protocol Against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, their Parts and Components and Ammunition;
  • the Inter-American Convention Against Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (CIFTA, 1997);
  • the Inter-American Convention Against Corruption (1996);
  • the Inter-American Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters (1992);
  • the United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (PDF, 1988);
  • the United Nations Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs (PDF, 1961), amended by the 1972 Protocol, and the United Nations Convention on Psychotropic Substances (PDF, 1971).
Member states also recognize the importance of observing the agreements reached in the Political Declaration on the World Drug Problem adopted by the 20th United Nations General Assembly Special Session (UNGASS) on the World Drug Problem in 1998 (PDF), and the Political Declaration and Plan of Action on International Cooperation towards an Integrated and Balanced Strategy to Counter the World Drug Problem (PDF, Vienna, 2009).

Other agreements and legislation

updated on 4/2/2012 9:33:05 AM