CICAD: Inter-American Observatory on Drugs (OID)

OID Publications

Towards a trans-national study of drug issues

The Inter-American Drug Observatory publishes studies about drug issues in the Americas, based on the work of national drug observatories and promoting comparative analysis. Not all studies are translated into multiple languages, but just the language of the country or countries where the studies took place.

Exploring the Relationship between Drugs and Crime: A Comparative Analysis of Survey Data from Prisoners in Four Caribbean Countries

Focusing on the prison populations of Dominica, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia and St. Vincent and the Grenadines, the OID investigates the prevalence of psychoactive substance use among the adult prison population and the link between criminal behavior and the use of psychoactive substances as perceived by the offenders, especially the early initiation of use of marijuana and alcohol. Although yhis study does not establish a causal relationship between drug use and crime, it does underscore   Online version (PDF, 8.5 mb, 235 pages, 78 tables, 67 figures.).

Report on Drug Use in the Americas, 2011

The first analysis of drug trends in OAS member states, covering the period of 2002-2009,  deals with trends of five groups of substances: alcohol, marijuana, inhalants, cocaine and related products, and non-medical use of pharmaceutical drugs.  Finally, there is an analysis of the perceived risk associated with drug consumption and the ease of access to drugs. Data provided by the national drug observatories of member states. More information from the Inter-American Drug Observatory. Online version (841 kb, PDF, 103 pages). It contains 20 tables and 24 figures, as well as appendices with another 24 tables.

 

Comparative Analysis of Student Drug Use in Caribbean Countries

A Report on Student Drug Use in 12 Caribbean Countries: Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago and Suriname. This report is the synthesis of separate but similar studies that were implemented in 12 countries between 2005 and 2007, using one of the protocols of OID’s Inter-American Drug Use Data System (SIDUC). The protocol outlines the methodology for implementing drug prevalence surveys among secondary school students. This work looks comparatively at drug use among groups of countries or the Caribbean region as a whole. Washington, DC, 2010, 88 pages, 43 tables, 37 figures. More information. Online version (PDF, 1.8 mb).

How to build a national drug observatory: key measures to achieve results

The European Monitoring Center for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) and the Organization of American States (OAS) published jointly the guide entitled Building a National Drugs Observatory: a joint handbook. The publication is based on experience over the last two decades gained by the EMCDDA in setting up national focal points or the Reitox network in Europe and by CICAD's Inter-American Drug Observatory (OID) in establishing national drug observatories in its member states. Also available is an online toolbox, which includes guidelines and templates for programs and surveys, EMCDDA related tools, links to relevant international treaties and organizations, references for further reading on drug epidemiology, research methods and background information. The handbook is available in English, Spanish and French (about 899 kb). EMCDDA announcement

New trends in drug consumption among youth in six countries - 2009-2010

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), the OID and the national drug commissions of the six participating countries (Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador, Peru and Uruguay), presented the second joint study of secondary students: "Information for the design of national and regional strategies on drug control for youth" (Información para el diseño de las estrategias nacionales y regionales sobre la problemática de drogas en jóvenes). The study (PDF, 3.4 mb, 90 pages) is only available in Spanish.


 

Comparative Study on Drug Use in the General Population in 6 South American Countries - 2008

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and CICAD through the Inter-American Observatory on Drugs (OID), in partnership with the national drug commissions of Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador, Peru and Uruguay, present the findings report on the study "Guidelines for Public Policies on Drugs in the Subregion: First Comparative Study on Drug Consumption and Associated Factors among the General Population (15-64 Years Old)." (Elementos orientadores para las políticas públicas sobre drogas en la Subregión: Primer estudio comparativo sobre consumo de drogas y factores asociados en población de 15 a 64 años.). More information in the special issue of the CICAD Observer. The study is only available in Spanish (PDF, 94 pp, 2.33 Mb). An executive summary is available in English (PDF, 6 pp, 66 kb) now.

Study on Drug Use among Secondary School Students in South America - 2006

The Inter-American Observatory on Drugs (OID) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) have just published the study "Youth and Drugs in South American Countries: A Challenge for Public Policies" (Jóvenes y drogas en países sudamericanos: un desafío para las políticas públicas). The publication arises out of a research project entitled A Comparative Study of Drug Consumption in the Secondary School Student Population in Nine South American Countries: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, and Uruguay. This study is the first of its kind, using comparable methodologies from the start. It is based on a sampling of 350,000 students (ages 14-17), representing a total population of 9.5 million. The report deals with the problem of alcohol and tobacco, as well as the use of tranquilizers and stimulants without medical prescription, and inhalants. The report is currently available only in Spanish (112 pp., Adobe Acrobat PDF, 3,2 Mb). An executive summary in English (27 pp., Adobe Acrobat PDF, 150 kb) is available.

Partner Publications

  • II  Andean Epidemiological Study on Drug Consumption in the University Population, carried out with the framework of the PRADICAN Project of the Andean Community, executed by OID/CICAD with funds of the European Community: Regional  Report (PDF, 2,9 mb, only available in Spanish) and country reports: Perú , Ecuador, Colombia, y Bolivia.
  • Epidemiologic Study on Public Health and Associated Factors of College Students in the Andean Countries: Comparative Report (PDF, 3 mb) - Andean Community of Nations and European Union, 2009. Country reports on Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru are available only in Spanish.
  • Review and Evaluation of the Drug Use Survey Used to Develop Protocols by the OAS/CICAD, Pilot Study, Her Majesty’s Prison Richmond Hill, St. George’s, Grenada (2010). Methodology and study supported by OID.
  • Study on Alcohol and Drugs in the Young Offender Population (New Opportunity Corp), Guyana (2010). Methodology and study supported by OID.

Publications only available in Spanish

UNODC


updated on 2/25/2013 4:12:40 PM