CICAD: Inter-American Observatory on Drugs (OID)

Hemispheric Strategy on Drugs and Scientific Research


Research as a cornerstone in drafting more responsive policies on drugs

The Hemispheric Strategy on Drug (2010) states explicitly that governments should develop and evaluate policies based on evidence that has been gathered scientifically. It also states that national drug observatories are central to gathering and analyzing information. Below find the specific texts of references (section and paragraph number) in the Strategy.  Also see the Plan of Action when it becomes available in May.

Institutional Strengthening

Member states will use the following guidelines:

  1. They shall develop and implement national drug policies that are evidence-based.  Such evidence, whenever possible, should allow for the comparison of data among countries.
  2. They shall establish and/or strengthen national observatories on drugs, or similar technical offices, to develop national drug information systems and promote scientific research to generate, collect, organize, analyze and disseminate information for the purpose of contributing to decision-making and to implementing evidence-based drug policies and strategies that reflect the situation in each country.
  3. They shall promote periodic, independent evaluations of their policies, programs and interventions in the areas of demand and supply reduction. The results of these evaluations should serve as a guide for the allocation of resources and for the execution of sustainable activities.

Demand Reduction

  1. Demand reduction requires, in accordance with the situation and magnitude of the drug problem in each country, the implementation of a variety of evidence-based prevention programs, aimed at distinct target populations, which together constitute a comprehensive system. From a methodological and design standpoint, these programs should be systematic, with specific measurable objectives.
  1. Access to treatment systems that offer a range of comprehensive therapeutic intervention models that are evidence-based and follow internationally-recognized quality standards should be facilitated. Treatment models should consider the needs of different populations, taking into account factors such as gender, age, culture and vulnerability.
  1. Governments’ relationships with academic and research institutions as well as specialized non-governmental organizations should be strengthened in order to foster scientific research and studies that will generate evidence on the various aspects of the demand for drugs, in order to contribute to the formulation of public policies and increased knowledge on the subject.
  1. Drug demand reduction programs should be subject to ongoing monitoring and scientific evaluation.

Supply Reduction

  1. It is necessary to conduct studies and research that contribute to the early identification and monitoring of new and emerging trends that could provide updated information on the illicit supply of drugs.


updated on 4/12/2011 5:24:48 PM