CICAD's Supply Reduction Section focuses on training law enforcement agencies to reduce the production, distribution and availability of illicit drugs and the diversion of chemical products used in the manufacture of these drugs. It collaborates with the governments of Canada, France, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States, as well as international organizations. Each year more than 1000 trainees go through CICAD's courses. The several specialized training programs are:
The American Community Regional Counterdrug Intelligence School (ERCAIAD), based in Bogota, serves the need for specialized intelligence training for law enforcement agencies in Spanish-speaking member states. See the ERCAIAD story for more details.
Transnational organized criminal groups operate across a range of illegal activities, including production and trafficking in drugs, trafficking in arms and persons, and kidnapping. Such groups enjoy access to abundant resources and are not constrained by international borders and other limitations faced by law enforcement. Nonetheless, policing tools do exist that, if properly employed by the Hemisphere’s law enforcement agencies, can prove effective against organized criminal groups. These tools include intelligence-led targeting, undercover operations, witness protection programs and intelligence-led interdiction operations. The CICAD Executive Secretariat partners with law enforcement and counterdrug institutions from member states to organize and deliver seminars for police personnel to share best practices and law enforcement techniques and to ascertain how and to what extent they might be applied in participating member states.
Maritime ports and airports represent major gateways for the international movement of illicit drugs and chemicals used to produce them. In addition, the trend toward privatization of port operations in the region has produced changes in export inspection procedures and port security responsibilities that have caused some potential vulnerabilities. In response, CICAD began a program to enhance the capacity of national and regional port security and customs control, using Colombia as a case model. CICAD's port security and customs control initiative focuses on areas such as container and passenger profiling, private sector engagement and cooperation, and on encouraging the adoption of a national port security program model. The training courses are often done in partnership with CIFAD and French Customs/Coast Guard, UNODC, various chapters of the Business Alliance for Secure Commerce (BASC), and the Department of Public Security of the OAS Secretariat for Multidimensional Security.
Chemicals are used extensively for legitimate commercial and industrial purposes, but many of these same chemicals are diverted to the production of illicit drugs, including heroin and cocaine, as well as synthetic drugs, such as amphetamine-type stimulants. In addition to the direct threat posed by these drugs, the way in which drug traffickers use and dispose of chemical substances can have devastating environmental and health effects. Member states are faced with the challenge of maintaining sufficient controls to prevent the diversion of these chemicals while ensuring their availability for legitimate purposes. CICAD's chemical control training program provides the knowledge and skills to ensure the safety of enforcement officers while handling these chemicals
Chemical-based drugs include pharmaceutical drugs and synthetic (designer) drugs. The former refers to prescription medicines that have the potential to be diverted for non-medical use. The second group includes “club drugs,” such as Ecstasy and amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS). Recently, member states have detected the increased availability of synthetic drugs. CICAD delivers training seminars that look at how these drugs are produced, their effects, investigative techniques and elements of officer safety. These seminars are aimed at chemists, regulatory officials, customs officers, drug control police, judges and prosecutors. CICAD works in partnership with the governments of France (Centre Interministériel de Formation Anti-drogue, CIFAD) and Canada (Royal Canadian Mounted Police, RCMP), as well as the UNODC's SMART Programme and its regional partner, the Inter-American Drug Observatory.
A new area of criminal activity is the use of the Internet to distribute illicit drugs and related contraband as a decentralized and relatively anonymous vehicle for illegal activities. Drug traffickers also are using the Internet to offer pharmaceutical products and chemical-based drugs for sale. In many instances, these are well organized operations with an international character involving multiple countries. CICAD has been working with Interpol and the Swedish Police to deliver a one-week specialized training seminar in the investigation of Internet sales of drugs. They cover the basics of the Internet, the more advanced issues of investigative techniques and the use of specialized portable tools and software. Participants in these seminars include regulatory officers, counterdrug intelligence officers, police and investigators among others.
updated on 7/26/2012 10:05:04 AM